California Walnut Forecast
The 2013 California walnut production is forecast at 495,000 tons, down
less than 1 percent from 2012's production of 497,000 tons. This forecast is
based on the 2013 Walnut Objective Measurement (O.M.) Survey, which was
officially conducted August 1 through August 23, 2013. There were a few samples
completed before August 1 for training and scheduling purposes.
Growers in the Sacramento Valley received above average rainfall during
November and December, which helped the trees build a more vigorous root
system. Weather during the spring was unusually dry and warm, which contributed
to a longer bloom. Favorable weather conditions and dense foliage have helped
limit sunburn damage. California experienced several short periods of hot
weather; however the healthy conditions of many orchards helped the trees
withstand the heat.
The 2013 Walnut O.M. Survey utilized a total of 740 blocks with two sample
trees per block. Survey data indicated an average record low nut set of 1,239
per tree, down 10 percent from 2012’s average of 1,375. Percent of sound
kernels in- shell was 98.8 percent Statewide. In-shell weight per nut was 23.3
grams, while the average in-shell suture measurement was 33.1 millimeters. The
in-shell cross-width measurement was 33.1 and the average length in-shell was
39.0 millimeters. All of the sizing measurements were above average levels.
Estimated nut sets, sizing measurements, average number of trees per acre,
and estimated bearing acreage were used in the statistical models.
The Walnut O.M. Survey began in 1958 to fulfill industry needs for an
accurate walnut production forecast prior to harvest. The original sample was
chosen proportionally to county and variety of bearing acreage. With each
succeeding year, additions and deletions have been made in the sample to adjust
for acreage removed, new bearing acreage, and operations that choose not to
participate in the survey.
Labels: 000 tons, 2013 Walnut Estimate, 495, California Walnut Commission, Objective survey